Allegheny Serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)
Light shade to Full sun. moist to dry soil. Ht. 20-30′ Width 8-18′. A highly adaptable, handsome tree with a single or multi-stemmed trunk and narrow, oval crown. White blooms in April provide a valuable early nectar source. You can enjoy their delicious, dark purple fruits that resemble blueberries, if you can pick them before the birds do.
American Mountain Ash (Sorbus americana)
Full sun to part sun. Moist soil. Ht. 15-20′ Width 8-12′. This is in a different genus and NOT attacked by the emerald ash borer. American Mountain Ash is a striking ornamental tree. It produces showy white flowers in spring that become bunches of intensely scarlet red berries in autumn.
American Plum (Prunus americana)
Sun to part sun. Moist to moderately dry. Nothing announces spring like a thicket of wild plum trees in bloom. Equally at home in a hedgerow or a suburban property border. They produce small edible red or yellow fruits. Need a buddy for best fruit production.
American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis)
Sun to part sun. Moist Soil. Rapid growing shade tree with interesting gray exfoliating bark and very large leaves. Sycamores are sespecially striking winter with their scruffy brown trunks and olive-white limbs against a clear blue sky. Deer resistant. Black Walnut tolerant.
Arborvitae a.k.a. Northern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
Full sun to light shade. Moist to somewhat dry soil. Ht. 20-40′, Width 5-20′. Reminiscent of ancient Greek temples, these shapely sentinels add an easily maintained refinement to your landscape. Good windbreak or privacy hedge tree. Tolerates clay soil, wet soil and Black walnut trees.
Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
Full sun to part shade. Moist to wet soil. Ht. 30-50′ Width 20-30′. An easy-to-grow tree with a rounded crown and straight trunk that doesn’t mind growing in standing water and poorly-drained soils. Though also tolerates some drought. Female trees require male trees to set fruit. Fruits are valuable to birds and wildlife. Black Walnut tolerant.
Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Full sun. Moist to dry soil. Fast growing, very upright tree with a straight trunk and narrow crown. Dark, blue-green compound leaves nearly obscured by large, droopy, intensely fragrant flowers that appear in June, love by bees (how about locust honey!) Has small but prickly thorns when young. Fixes nitrogen in the soil. Super wildlife habitat. Deer, drought, clay soil and black walnut tolerant.
Common Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
Full sun to part shade. dry to medium soil. Ht. 35 – 60′ Width 25-35′. An essential for any edible landscape. Its fragrant, white to greenish-yellow flowers and distinctive thick, dark gray bark that is broken into rectangular blocks provides landscape interest. Its large fruits are commonly used in syrups, jellies, ice cream and pies. Require male and female trees for fruit.
Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Part shade to Shade. Moist soil. An understory tree with tiny pink flower clusters that standout in the spring landscape. One to several maroon-purple trunks topped with an umbrella-like crown. Flowers are loved by bees and birds thrive on the fruits.
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Full sun to light shade. Moist, slightly acidic soil. Ht. 12-20′ Width 8-15′. Lovely ornamental tree with ivory flowers in spring, followed by very show, crimson berries that ripen in fall. Birds will leterally gorge themselves into a stupor! good spring nectar source.
Pagoda Dogwood a.k.a. Alternate leaf Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)
Full sun to light shade. Moist soil. Ht. 10-20′, Width 6-12′. Pagoda Dogwood is an understory tree with a graceful, tiered, zig zag branching pattern that is quite beautiful. Fragrant blooms are creamy white in spring. Fruits mature dark blue in early summer and are relished by many types of birds. Black Walnut tolerant.
Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
Light shade to sun. Moist, acidic, fertile soil. ht. 8-25′ Width 6-10′. Gaining in popularity, Pawpaws have the largest fruits of native fruit trees. Their banana like fruits add interest to the landscape. Paw Paws are taprooted plants that transplant most successfully while dormant or nearly so. Plant two for better fruit set. Don’t worry if you see beetles on the flowers – they are the only pollinators who will visit. The only host plant for Zebra Swallowtail butterflies. Black Walnut tolerant.
Possum Haw (Ilex decidua)
Full Sun – part shade,
Soil: Medium moisture,
Height 15-30′ Bloom time Mar – May,
Bloom Color white
Either an understory tree or large shrub, Possum Haws have pale gray twiggy branches with glossy oval leaves that stay dark green through fall before turning yellow. Red-orange berries provide winter color and a good food resource for small mammals and song and gamebirds.
Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
Full sun. Dry to medium soil. Ht. 50-75, Width 50-75. An easy to grow, durable and long-lived shade tree. Has a moderate to fast growth rate. High wildlife and pollinator value. Drought, dry soil and black walnut tolerant.
Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
Full sun. Moist to dry, well-drained soil. Ht. 50-80′, Width 15-25′. Named for its reddish brown bark,, Red Pine has 4″ long medium green needles that grow in bundles on thick twigs with a straight, narrow trunk. It has a ruggedly beautiful appearance, like it belongs on the edge of a rocky precipice. Fast growing. Deer and drought tolerant.
Red Spruce (Picea rubens)
Sun to part sun. Moist, acidic soil. Ht. 30-60′, Width 10-20′. Very similar to the more familiar white and black spruces, but the only spruce that descends down the spine of the Appalachians. New growth is dark green and the needles are short and soft.
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Full sun to Shade. Moist Soil. Ht. 35-50 ft. Tolerant of poor soils. Flowers are little bunches of yellow-green flower balls. This lovely tree is not only beneficial to wildlife but to humans too. Tea can be made from the roots and made into a spicy jelly. Bark produces an orange dye and an aromatic oil can be made from the roots for soaps and perfumes. Can be grown as single tree or can let go and grow into a grow. Larval host for spicebush, tiger swallow-tail, palamedes and pale swallowtail butterflies.
Striped Maple (Acer pennsylvanicum)
Part sun to shade. Moist soil. Ht. 15-20′, Width 7-10′. Understory tree or multi-stemmed shrub. The bark is an evocative, photosynthetic green laced with serpentine stripes of white and black. the effect is subtle and beautiful, especially in winter. The large, three lobed leaves turn a luminous, moonlight yellow in fall. Needs protection from noonday sun and droughty conditions make it depressed.
Sweet Crabapple (malus coronaria)
Part shade. Moist Soil. Ht. 20-30. a showy tree with short trunk and wide spreading head. Flowers are white, tinged with rose. The yellow-green fruit can be made into preserves and cider. Provide food and shelter for birds and valuable to native bees.
Tamarack aka American Larch (Larix laricina)
Sun to part sun. Moist soil. Ht. 30-50′, Width 10-15′. Tamarack is a delicate-looking conifer that has adapted to northern climates by dropping it’s soft, wispy needles in fall in a glorious flush of gold and apricot.
Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum)
Full Sun. Moist to dry soil. Ht. 15-20′ Width 12-15′. This shapely tree is a survivor, able to thrive in poor soil and windswept, open areas. As if in apology for its throns, it offers apple-type bloossoms in late spring and brilliant red or orange fruits and leaves in early fall. Hawthorns are very valuable as both a nectar source and larval host for butterflies and moths.
White Fir (Abies concolor)
Full sun. Moist to moderately dry soil. Ht. 80′, Width 15-25′. Native to the western U.S., white fir is similar in appearance to Colorado Blue Spruce, but with softer needles. It is adaptable and drought tolerant. Good windbreak and shelter tree.
Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis)
Part-shade – Shade, Soil Medium to wet, Height 60-80′ Width 15-30′.
Shade to sun. Moist to moderately wet soil. Taller than most eastern Birches, Yellow Birches is a lovely specimen tree for landscape. They have curly, translucent golden yellow bark and yellow leaves providing fall color. Birch trees are very important to a whole host of insects, including the magnificent cecropia moth, Viceroy and Mourning Cloak butterflies among others.